Important Cultural Property. Stoneware vase with Sgraffito Decoration of Peony with Transparent Glaze under Green Glaze, Northern Song Dynasty, 11th-12th Century, h.35.0cm. Gift of SUMITOMO Group, the ATAKA Collection. Acc. No. 10756© 2009 The Museum of Oriental Ceramics, Osaka
This vase was first formed out of greyish clay and coated with a white slip. A second coating of iron pigment was applied, then its background was caverd away to create a raised pattern. Then the entire vase was coated with a transparent glaze and fired. Up to this point, the vessel was made in the manner typical of Cizhou ware. However, this case is rare in that another coat of green glaze was added and fired again at a low temperature. The particular severity of the peony design that best reflects Northern Song aesthetics, as well as the exceptional size, has made this piece a valuable example noted worldwide.