Large dated temple vase, Yuan dynasty, dated around AD 1327. Stoneware, porcelain-type, incised, carved and with celadon glaze, Longquan ware 龍泉窯, Longquan region, Zhejiang province 浙江省, 龍泉地區. Height: 720 millimetres. Sir Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art (1952 – 2007). PDF.237. British Museum © Trustees of the British Museum
Longquan stoneware vase with long neck and flared mouth. The vase has grey-green glaze. There are carved petals around lower part of the exterior, concentric rings around the neck, and pomegranate scrolls around the body. There is an inscription around the lip.
This tall vase is carved around the ovoid body and neck with peony or camellia scrolls. Its construction is typical of the Yuan dynasty as its base is inserted separately fixed with glaze, and the foot ring left unglazed. Carved around the inner lip are sixty-one characters. This dedication is read counterclockwise 栝倉剱川流山萬安社居奉三寳弟子張進成燒造大花瓶壹雙捨入覺林院大法堂佛前永充供養祈福保安家門吉慶者恭定四年丁卯嵗仲秋吉日謹題 (Guacang Jianchuan Liushan Wan’anshe ju feng sanbao dizi Zhang Jincheng shaozao da huaping yi shuang sheru Juelinyuan da fatang fo qian yongchong gongyang qifu bao’an jiamen jiqing zhe Taiding sinian dingmao sui zhongqiu jiri jin ti ‘Zhang Jincheng of the village of Wan’an by Liuhua hill at Jianchuan in Guacang, a humble believer in the Precious Trinity (ie Buddhism) has fired a pair of large flower vases to be placed for ever before the Buddha in the Great Hall of Ritual at Juelin Temple, with a prayer that the blessings of peace, happiness and prosperity may attend his family. Respectfully inscribed on an auspicious day in the second month of autumn of the dingmao year in the Taiding period’ [AD 1327]). Hobson records that Jianchuan is an old name for Longquan where this vase was made. Guacang is close to Lishui in Zhejiang province.
Bibliography: Medley, Margaret, Volume 7: Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art, 7 of 12, Tokyo, Kodansha ltd, 1975, Colour pl. 30 and p. 308
Hobsob, Robert L, A Catalogue of Chinese Pottery and Porcelain in the Collection of Sir Percival David Bt., F.S.A., London, The Stourton Press, 1934, p. 52, pl. LI
Medley, Margaret, Illustrated Catalogue of Celadon Wares in the Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art, London, University of London, Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art, School of Oriental and African Studies, 1977, p.28, no.81
Pierson, Stacey, Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art: A Guide to the Collection, London, SOAS, Univeristy of London, 2002, p.55, no.33
Scott, Rosemary, Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art: A Guide to the Collection, London, SAOS, Univeristy of London, 1989, p.63, no.51
Medley, Margaret, Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art: Illustrated Guide to the Collection, SOAS, 1974, p.7, no.237
Pierson, Stacey, Illustrated Catalogue of Celadon Wares in the Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art, London, University of London, Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art, School of Oriental and African Studies, 1997, pp 32,33&35, no.237
Riddell, Sheila, Dated Chinese Antiquities 600-1650, London and Boston, Faber and Faber, 1979, pp 38-39, nos 8&9
Scott, Rosemary, Imperial Taste – Chinese Ceramics from the Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art, Los Angeles County Museum of Art and Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art, 1989, pp 50-51, no.24
Oriental Ceramic Society, The Ceramic Art of China, London, 1971, pp 91-92, no.115
Notes; R. L. Hobson, 1934 records: ‘A similar vase in Constantinople is illustrated in « Meisterwerke der Turkischen Museen zu Konstantinopel » by E. Zimmermann, Vol.2, Plate 4.’