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Self-portrait by John Singer Sargent, 1886. Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums Collections.

LONDON.- A major exhibition of works by one of the world’s most celebrated portrait painters, John Singer Sargent, opens at the National Portrait Gallery today (Thursday 12 February 2015). Organised in collaboration with The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the exhibition brings together, for the first time, a collection of the artist’s intimate and informal portraits of his impressive circle of friends, including Robert Louis Stevenson, Claude Monet and Auguste Rodin.

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Dame Ethel Smyth by John Singer Sargent, 1901 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Curated by Richard Ormond CBE, co-author of the John Singer Sargent catalogue raisonné, the exhibition Sargent: Portraits of Artists and Friends (12 February – 25 May 2015) explores the artist as a painter at the forefront of contemporary movements in the arts, music, literature and theatre, revealing the depth of his appreciation of culture and his close friendships with many of the leading artists, actors and writers of the time.

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John Singer Sargent, ‘Group with parasols’, 1904-1905 © Private collection

Bringing together remarkable loans, some rarely exhibited, from galleries and private collections in Europe and America, the exhibition will follow Sargent’s time in Paris, London, Boston and New York as well as his travels in the Italian and English countryside. Musée Rodin, the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, Musée d’Orsay, the Art Institute of Chicago and the Minneapolis Institute of Arts are amongst the institutions that are lending works.

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John Singer Sargent, ‘Ramón Subercaseaux‘, 1880.  The Dixon Gallery and Gardens, Memphis, Tennessee.

Sargent’s portraits of his friends and contemporaries were rarely commissioned and allowed him to create more experimental works than was possible in his formal portraiture. His sitters are depicted in informal poses, sometimes in the act of painting or singing, resulting in a collection of highly-charged, original portraits. These paintings form a distinctive strand in Sargent’s work which is noticeably more intimate, witty and radical than his commissioned portraits, and, when seen together in the exhibition, will challenge the conventional view of the artist.

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John Singer Sargent, ‘Lily Millet’, 1885-6. © Private collection

Key exhibits include the only two surviving portraits Sargent painted of his friend and novelist Robert Louis Stevenson, which will be displayed together for the first time since they were painted in the 1880s. Also reunited in the exhibition will be Sargent’s portraits of the Pailleron family, drawn from collections in Paris, Washington DC and Iowa. The bohemian writer Édouard Pailleron and his wife were among Sargent’s earliest French patrons, to whom the young artist owed much of his early success. Their individual portraits are displayed alongside Sargent’s portrait of their children, Édouard and Marie-Louise, for the first time in over a century.

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Robert Louis Stevenson by John Singer Sargent, 1887 © Courtesy of the Taft Museum of Art, Cincinnati, Ohio

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Édouard and Marie-Louise Pailleron by John Singer Sargent, 1881. ©Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, Iowa.

Other exhibition highlights include Sargent’s important portrait of his master Carolus-Duran (1879), which played a pivotal role in the development of his career after it was praised in the 1879 Paris Salon; his charcoal drawing of the celebrated poet William Butler Yeats (1908); and three of his greatest theatrical portraits painted between 1889 and 1890: Ellen Terry as Lady Macbeth, Edwin Booth and La Carmencita, the wild Spanish dancer.

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Carolus-Duran by John Singer Sargent, 1879. ©Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, Massachusetts, USA. Photo: Michael Agee.

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Ellen Terry as Lady Macbeth by John Singer Sargent, 1889 © Tate, London

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John Singer Sargent, La Carmencita, 1890. Musée d’Orsay, Paris. Photograph: National Portrait Gallery/PA

Two sections in the exhibition focus on the portraits and plein-air figure scenes he painted during time spent in the artistic community in the village of Broadway in rural Worcestershire, and those he painted after 1900 on his travels to the Alps and southern Europe. Sitters include Sargent’s familiars such as the artists Jane and Wilfrid de Glehn who accompanied him on his sketching expeditions to the continent and often feature as a pair in his work. In these paintings Sargent explored the making of art (his own included) and the relationship of the artist to the natural world.

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The Fountain, Villa Torlonia, Frascati, Italy, by John Singer Sargent, 1907. Friends of American Art Collection, 1914.57. The Art Institute of Chicago.

John Singer Sargent (1856 – 1925) was the son of an American doctor and was born in Florence. He studied painting in Italy and France, and in 1884 caused a sensation at the Paris Salon with his painting Madame X (Madame Pierre Gautreau). The scandal caused Sargent to move to England, where he subsequently established himself as the country’s leading portrait painter. He made several visits to the USA where, as well as portraits, he worked on a series of decorative paintings for public buildings such as the Boston Public Library and the Museum of Fine Arts.

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John Singer Sargent, ‘Paul Helleu sketching with his wife (An Out-of-Doors Study)‘, 1889. Brooklyn Museum of Art, Museum Collection Fund.

Curator Richard Ormond CBE says: ‘Sargent’s enthusiasms were all for things new and exciting. He was a fearless advocate of the work of younger artists, and in music his influence on behalf of modern composers and musicians ranged far and wide. The aim of this exhibition is to challenge the conventional view of Sargent. As a painter he is well known; but Sargent the intellectual, the connoisseur of music, the literary polymath, is something new.’

Claude Monet Painting by the Edge of Wood

John Singer Sargent, Claude Monet Painting by the Edge of a Wood, 1885. Presented by Miss Emily Sargent and Mrs Ormond through the Art Fund 1925. © Tate, London

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Dr Pozzi at Home by John Singer Sargent, 1881. The Armand Hammer Collection. Gift of the Armand Hammer Foundation. Hammer Museum, Los Angeles.

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Dr Pozzi at Home by John Singer Sargent (detail), 1881. The Armand Hammer Collection. Gift of the Armand Hammer Foundation. Hammer Museum, Los Angeles.

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