Étiquettes

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Annette Giacometti  Alberto Giacometti in the courtyard of the studio with the cast of the Great woman IV  1960 Archives of the Fondation Giacometti, Paris  © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

Annette Giacometti, Alberto Giacometti in the courtyard of the studio with the cast of the Great woman IV, 1960. Archives of the Fondation Giacometti, Paris © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

MILAN.- The ‘Alberto Giacometti’ exhibition which opened today at the Galleria d’Arte Moderna in Milan covers the entire artistic trajectory of one of the most important sculptors of the 20th century. The show features absolute masterpieces like La Boule suspendue, Femme qui marche, La cage, Quatre femmes sur socle, Buste d’Annette and the monumental Grande femme IV.

Curated by Catherine Grenier, chief curator and director and of the Fondation Alberto et Annette Giacometti in Paris, which is providing 60 works from its collection. The show is promoted by the Milan City Council – Culture and produced by the Galleria d’Arte Moderna, Milan, and 24 ORE Cultura – Gruppo 24 ORE. It is the first of four major sculpture exhibitions that will be staged by the recently refurbished GAM.

Sculptures, paintings and drawings executed between the 1920s and 1960s enable the visitor to follow Giacometti’s artistic development, from his beginnings in Switzerland to his mature period, spent mostly at the studio in rue Hippolyte-Maindron, Paris. The works are arranged chronologically and divided into five sections, each based on different themes. This will make it possible to follow the artist’s entire career, from his debut influenced by Post-Cubism and Surrealism to his late period marked by a constant quest for a truth that eluded him.

The exhibition is accompanied and completed by a selection of drawings and sketches, archive images, personal and masterpieces of great photographers, which will help the visitor to contextualize Giacometti’s artistic process from the Surrealist period to his last years.

The sections of the exhibition

The first section introduces the visitor to Giacometti’s private world through sculpture portraits of his father, his mother Annetta, his brother Diego and sister Ottilia, and then to the works he made in Paris – where he moved on his father’s advice – after 1922, which were the product of the Cubist climate in the city during that period.

Tetedupere

Alberto Giacometti, Head of the father, Round III, ca. 1927-1930. Bronze, 28 x 19 x 22.8 cm. Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

In 1931 Giacometti adhered to Surrealism, to which he had been introduced by Cocteau, Masson and the Noailles. The second section features works created during this intense period (he drifted away from the movement in 1935): real masterpieces, such as La Femme qui marche, conceived as a mannequin for the Surrealist Exhibition in 1933; Le Couple, which clearly reveals his interest in African art, and the still more famous La Boule Suspendue, described by Dalì as the prototype of “objects with a symbolic function” – a key issue in Surrealist thought.

Boulesuspendue

Alberto Giacometti, sphere suspended, in 1931 (version 1965). Gypsum and metal, 60.6 x 35.6 x 36.1 cm. Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

LeCouple

Alberto Giacometti, The Couple, 1927. Gesso and traces of pencil, 60.4 x 37.7 x 18 cm. Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

FemmequimarcheI

Alberto Giacometti, Woman walking [I], 1932 [1936 version]. Bronze, 150.3 x 27.7 x 38.4 cm. Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

The third section attests to the innovative research Giacometti conducted by working from life: the portraits were made on a reduced scale – they were only a dozen centimetres high – and the head soon became his main focus. On display are the two versions of Tête de femme, from 1935 and 1938, which prefigure the painted and sculpted heads from the 1950s and 1960s.

This section also documents the period when Giacometti began working again after the war, upon his return to Paris in 1945. It was then that he started to create his stringy effigies, hieratic, motionless figures rigidly arranged on thick bases or inside cages that determine their spatial limits. These are represented in the show by Quatre femmes sur socle of 1950, La Clairière and La Cage of the same year.

Alberto Giacometti  Four women on a pedestal  1950 Bronze  73.8 x 41.2 x 18.8 cm  Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris  © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

Alberto Giacometti, Four women on a pedestal, 1950. Bronze, 73.8 x 41.2 x 18.8 cm. Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

Alberto Giacometti  The Glade 1950  Bronze 58.7 x 65.3 x 52.5 cm  Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris  © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

Alberto Giacometti, The Glade 1950. Bronze, 58.7 x 65.3 x 52.5 cm. Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

Alberto Giacometti  The Cage, first version  1949 - 1950 Bronze  90.5 x 36.5 x 34 cm  Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris  © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

Alberto Giacometti, The Cage, first version, 1949 – 1950. Bronze, 90.5 x 36.5 x 34 cm. Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

The fourth section illustrates the artist’s research on the rendition of the head, anticipated in the portraits of Rita and Diego, and well evident in the paintings and sculptures of Giacometti’s maturity. He chose as models the people closest to him, such as his wife Annette (Buste d’Annette, 1962), his brother Diego (Buste de Diego, 1964), the Japanese philosopher Yanaihara (Buste de Yanaihara, 1961), and his mistress Caroline. Both in painting and in sculpture Giacometti worked intensely in his ceaseless quest for the truth of the model.

Alberto Giacometti, Annette sitting atelier, ca. 1960. Oil on canvas, 92 x 73 cm. Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

Alberto Giacometti, Annette sitting atelier, ca. 1960. Oil on canvas, 92 x 73 cm. Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

1192

Alberto Giacometti , Bust of Annette [said Venice], 1962. Bronze, 46.2 x 26.5 x 16.2 cm. Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

The fifth section features the artist’s late works, bringing the exhibition to a close. In 1958 Alberto Giacometti worked in the creation of the monumental sculptures Grande tête (1960–1966) and Grande femme IV (1960–1961), whose rugged surface heightens their dramatic quality. They are the largest ever executed by the artist. In the exhibition these sculptures are juxtaposed with two portraits of a man and woman with their arms resting on their thighs in the manner of ancient sculptures. The four pieces share an intense gaze, directed straight ahead and lost in an almost prophetic beyond.

Alberto Giacometti  Grande woman IV  1960-1961 Bronze  270 x 31.5 x 56.5 cm  Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris  © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014

Alberto Giacometti, Grande woman IV, 1960-1961. Bronze, 270 x 31.5 x 56.5 cm. Collection Fondation Giacometti, Paris © Alberto Giacometti Estate by SIAE in Italy, 2014